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folder archive


tar -cvf name.tar folder/
gzip name.tar


tar -xzvf name.tar.gz

tar params

  • -c: Create archive
  • -z: Compress the archive with gzip
  • -v: Verbose output
  • -f: specify the filename of the archive - must be last

  • x: tar can collect files or extract them. x does the latter.

  • z: decompress the archive using gzip


this can deploy a mkdocs site to nginx just adjust the folder names

this version also changes ownership which you may not need depending how you setup your groups and permissions


sudo rsync -a -v /home/user/* /var/www/
sudo chown root:root /var/www/
# tar
# Archiving utility.
# Often combined with a compression method, such as gzip or bzip.
# More information: <>.

# Create an archive from files:
tar cf target.tar file1 file2 file3

# Create a gzipped archive:
tar czf target.tar.gz file1 file2 file3

# Create a gzipped archive from a directory using relative paths:
tar czf target.tar.gz -C path/to/directory .

# Extract a (compressed) archive into the current directory:
tar xf source.tar[.gz|.bz2|.xz]

# Extract an archive into a target directory:
tar xf source.tar -C directory

# Create a compressed archive, using archive suffix to determine the compression program:
tar caf target.tar.xz file1 file2 file3

# List the contents of a tar file:
tar tvf source.tar

# Extract files matching a pattern:
tar xf source.tar --wildcards "*.html"

# Extract a specific file without preserving the folder structure:
tar xf source.tar source.tar/path/to/extract --strip-components=depth_to_strip

Last update: October 1, 2023
Created: October 1, 2023