Togal is to recognize that the natural display is spontaneously present.

Conceptual mind means the perceiving mind that fixates.

time and space

time is useful for understanding impermanence space is useful for understanding non self If you are depressed you are living in the past.If you are anxious you are living in the future.If you are at peace you are living in the present. Lao Tzu the photo above is from a book I read, I think […]

heart of the buddha’s teachings

mastering this book is my #1 priority

4 noble truths

the truth (or reality) of suffering (Skt. duḥkha-satya; Tib. སྡུག་བསྔལ་གྱི་བདེན་པ་) which is to be understood, the truth (or reality) of the origin of suffering (Skt. duḥkha-samudaya-satya; Tib. ཀུན་འབྱུང་བའི་བདེན་པ་), which is to be abandoned, the truth (or reality) of cessation (Skt. nirodha-satya; Tib. འགོག་པའི་བདེན་པ་), which is to be actualized, and the truth (or reality) of the path (Skt. mārga-satya; Tib. ལམ་གྱི་བདེན་པ་), which is to be relied upon.[1] The […]


Vipashyana is the direct, experiential insight that all experience does indeed appear, yet cannot be captured by words and concepts, and so is fundamentally as ungraspable and groundless as space.” Mingyur Rinpoche from his book Turning Confusion into Clarity vipaśyanā (Skt., Tib. lhag mthong ). Lit. “superior vision,” contemplative insight into fundamental aspects of reality, […]